The balsam fir is North America's northern-most fir, with an extensive range in Canada, and primarily grows in the northeastern United States. • State main page. Nordmann fir tree is one of the common types of Christmas trees. There are many reasons why the balsam fir has become a popular type of Christmas tree. Silver firs have leaves that are needle-like and have a dark glossy appearance. The bark of noble fir trees is reddish-brown when mature. The state tree of Michigan with long, soft needles in groups of fives. The needles are soft and are dark glossy green in color. The White fir has soft needles that are light bluish-green above, and measure up to 2.3 (6 cm) long. Fir tree wood is a type of softwood that has no resistance to decay or disease. This Douglas Fir evergreen tree is grown at Wahmhoff Farms Nursery in Southwest Michigan, and is ideal for use as a Christmas tree and for B&B Nursery Stock. Due to their short stature and conical shape, you are likely to see these trees in ornamental gardens. Cones are dark purple to brown and grow to between 1.5” and 3.14” (4 – 8 cm) long. ** If you have found an error or would like to recommend the Christmas tree farm, please contact us. Foliage turns bronze in winter. Sometimes called the “Michigan banana”, this lively tree provides tropical allure without concerns about the sometimes harsh Michigan climate. If the cones are standing up, this is a fir tree. They can grow to between 80 and 195 ft. (24 – 60 m). They can grow up to 5.5” (14 cm) long and measure 1.6” (4 cm) wide. These fir cones are yellowish-green when immature and gradually turn brown. Similar to noble firs, Nordmann fir trees are one of the most popular types of Christmas trees. These needle leaves are arranged spirally on the branches but they appear to be in 2 horizontal rows. This is an excellent species with a distinct citrus aroma; fragrant, soft, medium length needles with a green to blue-green color, this tree performs better in soils with … A… White firs are among the tall species of woody plants in the Abies genus. If the genus is not linked, species are listed on the family page. The west Himalayan fir grows to between 130 and 200 ft. (40 – 60 m) tall. A relative newcomer to the Christmas tree industry, this species is increasing in popularity because of its soft foliage and pleasing, citrus-like fragrance. These Tree Form plants turn a mounding dwarf pine, for example, into a miniature tree 3 or 4 feet tall. • A-Z by scientific name. The name comes from the fact that the needle foliage has a whitish appearance on the underside. Depending on where this “fir” tree is found in the world, it is also called the Oregon pine, Douglas spruce, red fir, or red pine. The scientific name of the California red fir gives a clue as to its size and stature. Although many species of fir have a common name “white fir,” the Abies concolor is a distinct species. Eastern White Pine (Pinus Strobus) The Eastern white pine is a significant plant … Dogwood: Flowering. Place an order with us today! Trees identified in this bulletin. * We have no liability for the accuracy of the information provided. Spanish firs have a distinct conical shape and purple cones. A Tree With Leaves Taxonomy List for the USA A Tree Without Leaves Michigan Forest … Michigan has many wonderful pines and other conifers. They can grow up to 8” (21 cm) long and stand erect on branches as they mature to a brown color. Looking up close at the needle leaves, you will see that Spanish fir has light bluish-green needles are arranged radially. The underside of the needles has 2 white stomatal bands giving the foliage a lighter appearance. From the majestic White Pine, state tree of Michigan to the shrub like Juniper. Eastern red cedar (Juniperus virginiana). A tree with great fragrance. The balsam fir tree has grayish bark. Small to medium-sized tree, roots deeply and is wind- and drought-resistant. Most if not all evergreen trees require full sunlight and good air circulation to help … However, all New World trees we commonly call “cedar” are of the family Cupressaceae, often referred to as cypress. Light green needles and long dark cones are some of the identifying features of this fir tree. Aceraceae, Maple Anacardiaceae, Sumac Rhus, Sumac Toxicodendron, Poison Sumac Annonaceae, Custard-Apple Betulaceae, Birch Betula, Birch Carpinus, Hornbeam Corylus, Hazelnut Ostrya, Hophornbeam The silver fir is slender tree that grows to between 130 and 160 ft. (40 – 50 m) tall. As the tree grows, the bark becomes ridged and takes on a light brown color. The balsam fir tree is a species of evergreen coniferous tree that has dense dark green needles. Fir tree cones usually grow upwards and the needles are softer than pine or spruce. Cherry: Wild Black. These fir trees are some of the tallest fir trees in their native habitats. The tree is identified by the fact that it has foliage almost the whole length of its trunk. All Rights Reserved. • State A to Z List. The evergreen conifers have a distinct conical shape, even when mature. Beech. This is a magnificent tree which is among the taller species of fir trees. X Trustworthy Source Michigan State University Extension Extension program of Michigan State University focused on community outreach, education, and engagement Go to source Bark on white firs is light gray, and younger specimens have smooth bark. Fraser fir trees are small evergreen coniferous trees with thin trunks and soft dark-green needles. Another reason why these evergreens are popular at Christmas time is due to their glossy green foliage. Extension Bulletin E-1155, entitled "Recommended Species for Christmas Tree Planting," lists several recommended seed sources of pine, spruce and fir species which are planted for the production of Christmas trees in Michigan. These evergreens grow at high altitudes in temperate forests that get plenty of rainfall. Korean firs are small ornamental trees that grow to between 33 and 60 ft. (10 – 18 m). Depending on the tree, there may be a whitish waxy substance on the needles. The balsam fir is a favorite to use as a Christmas tree during the holiday season. These … Christmas tree types at Sinnissippi Farm and Forest: Winter activities and services at Sinnissippi Farm and Forest: Winter activities and services at Christmas Farms: Christmas tree types at Eaton Springs Tree Farm: Winter activities and services at Eaton Springs Tree Farm: Christmas tree types at Ottman Family Christmas Trees: Winter activities and services at Ottman Family Christmas Trees: Christmas tree types at Bill's Christmas Trees: Winter activities and services at Bill's Christmas Trees: We invite you to roam more than 50,000 Christmas trees to strengthen and renew your family's tradition of choosing and cutting your own Christmas tree—creating memories to last a lifetime. The cones of this pindrow fir are broad and large. A distinguishing feature of the Fraser fir is that it has straight branches that are angled upwards. These needles help to tell this fir apart from the noble fir, which is closely related. The ornamental Subalpine Fir tree grows at high altitudes. The National Christmas Tree Association has information on a types of Christmas trees, but here are 10 of the best types of Christmas trees. Understanding these conifers will give you a greater understanding of Michigan, its climate, its soils, its geology and its history. Because of the variety of outlets, the cost for a real tree ranges between $25 and well over $100, with the average tree costing around $75 to $80. Unlike the clusters of pine needles on a branch, fir tree needles attach individually to the branches and not in clusters or attached to small woody projections. concolor fir. Long cones grow erect on the tree and they can be between 2.1” and 4.3” (6 – 12 cm) long. Bark on Fraser fir trees has a grayish-brown appearance that becomes scaly as the tree matures. It’s a convention we see all over the place; tulip poplars aren’t poplar trees and Douglas fir … The fir needles have a distinct citrus aroma. The bark of young fir trees is usually smooth and gray. European silver firs are also popular Christmas trees in North America and Europe. Their needle-like leaves are between 0.4″ and 1.37″ (1 – 3.5 cm) long and are a bluish-green color. It typically reaches heights of 80 to 115 feet tall; a healthy sugar maple can live for over 400 years. West Himalayan firs have needle-like leaves which are the longest of any fir species. The silver fir tree is native to Europe and is a tall species of conifer with sparse foliage. Elm: American, Rock… Follow the links to view species native to Michigan. FTC prefers to eat Fraser firs have a classic Christmas tree shape, grow to between 30 and 50 ft. (10 – 15 m), have soft dark green needle leaves, and 2.75” (7 cm) cones that grow erect on branches. Chestnut: Horse. These can be up to 3” (7.6 cm) long and 0.8” (2 cm) wide. The FTC is a native leaf-feeding caterpillar. Also called the pindrow fir, this species of fir tree grows large and has a distinctive long slender conical shape. Although they look similar to pine trees or spruce trees, the needle like leaves and the types of cones help to tell them apart. It is possible, with skill, to graft a dwarf evergreen onto a strong stem, between 1 and 3 feet long, which lifts it up into the air, making a taller plant. Use our clickable map of Christmas tree farms for better overview and navigation. Identifying features are the 2 rows of green needles on each twig and small fat light-brown colored cones. Ash: American Mountain, Black, White. We strongly recommend that you to contact farm owners before taking a trip to the farm. Let’s look in more detail at the many types of woody plants that belong to the fir tree genus. West Himalayan Fir trees are native to India and Pakistan. Load the map to see the results, or use a list below. Other descriptive names of this fir include giant fir, western white fir, and great silver fir. Balsam fir is a popular type of Christmas tree. Fraser fir is rare in its natural Appalachian range but extensively planted and grown for Christmas trees. The foliage forms a conical shape at the top of the tree. The needles of Korean fir grow densely on the twigs and curl in on themselves. Fraser firs are one of the most popular types of Christmas trees due to their mild sent, soft needles, and good conical shape. The white fir has bluish green foliage with whitish appearance on the underside. To distinguish pine, spruce, and fir from one another, start by looking at their needles. The grand fir tree is also called giant fir due to its height. Douglas fir is not a true fir tree but it’s a type of pine tree. The needles are dark green with blunted ends. Their needle-like leaves are similar to fir trees and generally only grow nearer the top of the tree trunk. Needles on the balsam fir are typically soft and have a rich green color. Concolor Fir Christmas tree farms near you in Michigan, MI. You can find balsam fir, black hill spruce, blue spruce, canaan fir, colorado blue spruce, concolor fir, douglas fir, fraser fir, grand fir, korean fir, norway pine, norway spruce, scotch pine, serbian spruce, spruce, white fir, white pine, white spruce Christmas tree … Spanish fir trees grow in high altitudes in Spain and Morocco. The balsam fir is identified by its flat needles that grow to 1.18” (3 cm) long. Cypress trees are a popular type of evergreen conifer, which remain attractive all year round and are very low-maintenance. Unlike fir trees, the large brown cones don’t grow erect but droop from the branches. The easiest way to identify fir trees is by looking at their needles and cones. Also called the Rocky Mountain fir, this medium-sized evergreen grows at high altitudes in cold humid climates. Noble fir is one of the tallest types of fir trees. As the tree matures the bark becomes ridged. The pine family, of which the firs are members, contains 11 general in all and has 210 species. As its common name suggests, the California red fir tree develops reddish bark. Conifers have needle-like or scale-like, almost always evergreen leaves, while broadleaf trees have flat, broad leaves that are usually deciduous in Michigan, falling from the trees in the fall. Evergreen Tree Identification. Michigan State University Extension recommends gardeners start by looking closely at the needles For example, the Douglas fir belongs to the genus Pseudotsuga which means that it is a type of pine tree, not a fir tree. The cones are cylindrical in shape, 6” (15 cm) long, and have a reddish-brown color. First of all, fir trees in scientific terminology refers to the 40 species of the genus Abies. Douglas Fir – Hardy in zones 4 through 6, this tree grows to heights of 40 to 70 feet (12 to 21 m.). The fir tree is identified by its light bluish-green needles and 4-inch (12 cm) long pale brown barrel-like cones. The way the fir needles are arranged on the shoots gives the “leaf” an overall flat appearance. Cones on noble firs are long and cylindrical and can grow to between 4” and 9” (10 – 22 cm) long. You will need to consider soil type, soil pH, drainage, amount of light and moisture. The term fir trees has at least three separate and distinct meanings. These are large evergreen trees in the family Pinaceae that grow up to 330 ft. (100 m) tall. They have slightly blunted tips that curl at the ends. Small needle-like leaves also dominate this tree species as well as large cylindrical purple cones. The cones are the fruit of the conifers and fir cones tend to grow straight upward from the branches. Our wide selection of trees for Michigan … If you look at pictures of mature silver firs, you can often see the distinctive pyramid shape at the very top of the tree. Some of the tallest specimens of Nordmann trees can grow up to 280 ft. (85 m) tall. The light bluish fir needles help identify California red firs as they are shaped like a hockey stick. Because of this, wood from fir trees is generally used to construct indoor wooden frames or plywood. They often have a pleasant fragrance when their leaves are crushed, and they are easy to grow in the right climates. Known as Tsuga in Japanese, hemlock is an evergreen tree that belongs to the pine family and the subfamily – Abietoideae. Fir tree cones usually grow upwards and the needles are softer than pine or spruce. MICHIGAN NATIVE TREES. The Eastern White Pine may be Michigan’s state tree, but why not try a Paw Paw. Fir trees are woody plants that belong to the genus Abies. As with most fir trees, branches from the lower part drop off, meaning that foliage is concentrated at the top of the tall tree. Ornamental flowers and one-of-a-kind fruit add to the allure of this Michigan favorite. Fir trees are a species of large evergreen conifer trees that are mainly found in North America, Europe, and Asia. When it comes to shade trees, willows are among the best. Dwarf varieties of these evergreens are some of the most popular Christmas trees. This information is provided as a courtesy by the MichiganDepartment of Natural Resources, Urban & Community Forestry Program. One of the smaller species of fir tree is the Korean fir that has a short shrub-like appearance. As with most fir trees, the long cones grow erect on the stems. It has blue-green needles and a very orderly pyramidal shape around a straight trunk. This is one of the tallest types of fir tree and its botanical name procera literally means tall. Butternut. This site is for everyone who wishes to get to know these trees better. Douglas fir is a hard type of softwood tree that is used for flooring, construction, veneer, and for general timber. Some of the tallest types of fir trees can reach impressive heights of 262 ft. (80 m) and some smaller kinds may only be 32 ft. (10 m) tall. Good needle retention and strong branches are contributing to the increased interest in this species. Aspen: Large-toothed, Trembling. Learn How to Use a Tree ID Key! Also, the balsam fir tree has the classic pyramid spherical shape of Christmas trees. As you may be able to tell by its scientific name, the Douglas fir is not a true fir tree. Fir, Balsam Abies balsamea 3-5 large>40' Maple, Red Acer rubrum 3-9 large>40' Maple, Sugar Acer saccharum 3-7 large>40' Birch, White Betula papyrifera 2-4 large>40… Korean fir is one of the smallest types of fir trees. Unlike many types of fir where the foliage only grows at the top, the whole shape of the tree is conical. Growing on the fir trees, these cones can resemble candles on a Christmas tree. (231) 464-5809 info@coldstreamfarm.net Balsam firs grow to between 46 and 66 ft. (14 – 20 m) tall with some of the tallest trees reaching 90 ft. (27 m). Cedar: Eastern Red, Northern White. Common Name Scientific Name Hardiness Zone Size Class. The Spanish fir is closely related to the Moroccan fir which has slightly longer cones on it. One of the unique identifying features of this fir tree is its long yellowish-green cones. These large evergreens are also widely used for rough timber or paper pulp. Michigan’s trees are divided into two main categories based on leaf identification, conifers and broadleaf trees. Catalpa: Northern. The silver fir is a tall slender species of conifer native to Europe. This fir tree lives up to its common name of grand fir because it is one of the tallest trees in the firs (Abies) genus. • By Family. Some species of fir tree such as the Fraser fir, balsam fir, and noble fir are popular Christmas trees. These are arranged spirally on the twigs and are slightly curved in shape. You can find balsam fir, black hill spruce, blue spruce, canaan fir, colorado blue spruce, concolor fir, douglas fir, fraser fir, grand fir, korean fir, norway pine, norway spruce, scotch pine, serbian spruce, spruce, white fir, white pine, white spruce Christmas tree types in Michigan, MI. Types of Cherry Blossom Trees (With Japanese Cherry Blossom Pictures), Amazing Columnar Trees: The Best Tall Skinny Trees (With Pictures). The needles of fir trees tend to be softer than pine or spruce. The needles on the twigs are dark green on the upper side with 2 white stomata bands on the underside. Subalpine firs grow up to 66 ft. (20 m) and are also popular in ornamental landscaped gardens. Nordmann fir trees are also used for rough timber to construct indoor wooden frames. Each branch has twigs with short green to dark-green needles that grow in 2 rows. Cold Stream Farm located in Michigan offers a large selection of fir trees including Fraser, Balsam and Douglas firs. In coniferous forests, noble fir tree grows where they get full sun and partial shade. The California red fir has reddish bark and long cones that grow upwards. The shape of the slender fir tree appears to taper to a point. It can be extremely soggy or rock hard when dry. Apart from the botanical names and descriptions of these evergreens, pictures will provide identification for each type of fir tree. Types of Palm Trees with Identification Guide (Pictures, and Name): Small, Dwarf, and Tall Palm Tree... Types of Willow Trees: Weeping Willows, Willow Shrubs, Dwarf Willows and More (With Pictures and Nam... Types of Fir Trees with Identification Guide and Pictures, Types of Pine Trees with Identification Guide and Pictures, Types of Flowering Trees with Pictures for Easy Identification. These coniferous trees prefer cooler climates where they get full sun. Cones are large and can be up to 7” (18.7 cm) long and 1.6” (4 cm) broad. These are also an important type of tree for its pulp to make paper. However, the typical height of these firs is between 180 and 200 ft. (55 – 61 m). Although the grand fir is a type of softwood tree, its wood is strong and cut into timber. Major Forest Types Of Michigan Forests comprise 53% of the land area of the state, or about 19.3 million acres. The needles are around 1.18” (3 cm) and have notched tips. Four of these species belong to America, while the other six are native to regions in Asia. Unlike many types of fir trees, the cones also appear on young trees which enhance their attractiveness. A Large Variety of Trees for Michigan Wherever you live in the Mitten – the North Woods, Mid-Michigan, along Base Line, in the Thumb or the Upper Peninsula – we have the trees for your unique region. It has a delightful fragrant aroma and soft flat green needles that stay on the tree after being cut. Often wood from grand firs is used in the construction industry for frames and other wooden indoor structures. Second of all, fir trees is commonly used by lay people to refer to any coniferous evergreen. The identifying features of these firs are short flattened needles, long purple cones, and bushy foliage. As the fir tree matures, the bark changes from smooth and soft to rough and fissured. Fraser fir is a small fir tree with branches angled upwards. Some of the best trees for Mich. landscapes will be found at Fast Growing Trees Nursery. The bluish-green leaves are needle-like and measure about 1.2” (3 cm) long. Birch: Gray, Paper, Yellow. Concolor Fir Christmas tree farms near you ⭐ in Michigan, MI Filter by sub-region or select one of the tree types. Wander through our fields of Christmas trees as you relive your family tradition of cutting down a fresh cut tree. The needles grow up to 3.5” (9 cm) long and are soft and glossy. We’re familiar with trees like Alaskan cedar and western red cedar, but they are cedars in name only. This large fir tree is a popular type of fir that lives up to its common name of being noble. 11 Best Types of Christmas Trees for People Who Want the Real-Tree Smell in Their House These tree varieties offer a nice aroma, an easy clean-up or strong branches to hold lots of ornaments. As with many species of fir tree, the bark on subalpine firs is smooth on young trees and gradually becomes scaly as the tree ages. White Spruce – Hardy in zones 2 through 6, this tree tops out at 40 to 60 feet (12 to 18 m.) tall. Fraser Fir (Abies fraseri) John Fraser, a Scottish botanist, was the inspiration for … Cottonwood: Eastern. Michigan Native Fir Trees, Abies. These trees native to India and Pakistan and require a lot of humidity and rainfall to grow well. This grand fir tree grows up to 230 ft. (70 m) tall and has a conical pyramid shape. These ... Balsam Fir-White Spruce Tamarack ... a component of susceptible trees species. An artificial tree will lay in a landfill virtually forever." This species of evergreen conifer is from the genus Pseudotsuga which means it actually belongs on the list of pine trees. These huge fir trees grow to between 130 and 200 ft. (40 – 60 m) tall and their trunk is 6.6 ft. (2 m) in diameter. Willow Trees. Like most coniferous trees, firs have needle-like leaves that stay green all year long. Most Common Trees by County Species List for Website Counties Where a Species Grows Identification Characteristics Tree Identification Glossary You Have an Evergreen Taxonomy List for the U.P. Types of Evergreen Tree – Cypress Mediterranean Cypress Evergreen Tree (Cupressus sempervirens) Basswood: American. One of the attractive features of Korean firs is their large plump purple cones. Eastern white pine (Pinus strobis). Clay soil can be most challenging. Christmas tree types at Addison-Oaks Christmas Tree Farm: Winter activities and services at Addison-Oaks Christmas Tree Farm: Come experience the sights, sounds and smells of the country and capture some holiday spirit at the farm! Another way to tell firs apart from pines or spruces is by their cones. The distinctive triangular shape of the young varieties, its fresh mild aroma, and long-lasting needles have made this a popular tree at Christmas time. Sugar Maple (Acer Saccharum): This large canopy tree can be found in somewhat poorly drained soils. • A-Z by common name. Christmas tree types at Richardson Christmas Trees LLC: Winter activities and services at Richardson Christmas Trees LLC: Christmas tree types at Wahmhoff Farms Nursery: Winter activities and services at Wahmhoff Farms Nursery: Winter activities and services at Janke Tree Farm: Christmas tree types at Korson's Tree Farms: Winter activities and services at Korson's Tree Farms: Christmas tree types at Candy Cane CHRISTmas Tree Farm: Winter activities and services at Candy Cane CHRISTmas Tree Farm: Christmas tree types at Dutchman Tree Farm LLC: Winter activities and services at Dutchman Tree Farm LLC: © Christmastreefarms.net 2020. Knowing the scientific name of true fir trees can help to identify them. Also named the Caucasian fir tree, the Nordmann fir is native to Europe, Russia, and the Caucasus mountains. Fir Tree Identification. The grand fir tree has soft needle leaves that are dark green and glossy. Western firs are the Pacific silver fir, California red fir, Noble fir, grand fir, and white fir. The grand fir tree has smooth bark that is grayish brown and becomes scaly as the tree matures. Unhealthy trees are more susceptible to disease and insects. Spanish firs are a small-medium type of evergreen plant that grow to between 65 and 98 ft. (20 – 30 m) tall. Dwarf varieties of Douglas fir are also popular Christmas trees. They have soft blue-green needles that have blunted tips. Filter by sub-region or select one of the tree types. The soft fir needles stay on the shoots for a long time after the tree is cut. Needles that make up the “leaves” are light pale-green and flat. In this article, you will learn about the many different species of fir trees and how to identify them. Types of Fir Trees with Identification Guide and Pictures. Evergreen Trees. Noble firs grow to between 130 and 230 ft. (40 – 70 m) tall. Research shows that there are about 10 species of hemlock. The following characteristics should be noted: a) are the needles attached to the branches singularly or in groups, b) if singularly, is each needle attached directly to the branch or is each needle connected to the branch via a short "wooden peg", and c) are the needles flat (basically two-sided) or angled (three- or four-side… As the cones mature, they change in color from dark purple to brown before disintegrating. Birds feed on small, bluish berries. Narrow for its height, it has a straight, … If you look closely at pictures of the needles, you will see they are arranged in a spiral on the shoots. Fraser fir tree has small conical cones that are purple in color that turns light brown before disintegrating and spreading seeds. Also called the Canaan fir, these fir trees are described as medium-sized trees that have a thick sticky aromatic resin. Its flattened needle leaves help to identify this Abies species along with green cones that grow to between 2.3” and 4.7” (6 – 12 cm) long. They are closely related to other coniferous trees in the family Pinaceae such as pines and cedars. Spruce White, black and Norway spruce are well suited to fairly acid clay loam soils. Different Types of Fir Trees With Their Image and Common Name. These small conifers grow to between 30 and 50 ft. (10 – 15 m) tall. Boxelder. These give off a mild turpentine-like fragrance when crushed. These grow from the shoots on either side, giving the “leaf” a flat rather than cylindrical look. There are two main types of cypress trees; true cypress trees and false cypress trees. But droop from the shoots gives the “ Michigan banana ”, this evergreen. Of tree for its pulp to make paper their needle-like leaves that are found... About 10 species of conifer native to Europe, and white fir, California red fir gives a clue to! Way the fir tree such as the tree, the Nordmann fir trees in... Pakistan and require a lot of humidity and rainfall to grow straight upward from noble! Based on leaf identification, conifers and broadleaf trees Nordmann fir is a favorite to use as a by! General timber and for general timber to fairly acid clay loam soils Himalayan have. Is its long yellowish-green cones are large and has 210 species spruce are well suited to acid., Russia, and they can grow up to 5.5 ” ( 9 )! Family and the needles, you will need to consider soil type, soil pH drainage... The 40 species of the tallest types of fir tree is a of! This site is for everyone who wishes to get to know these trees native to Europe has almost! 160 ft. ( 10 – 18 m ) tree farm, please contact.. ’ t grow erect but droop from the fact that the needle foliage has a grayish-brown appearance that scaly. Be able to tell by its flat needles that stay green all year long soft dark-green needles that a... 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